Use of Fish Oils as a Therapeutic/Preventive Supplement
Fish oils have better evidence in human and pet literature than practically all other supplements combined. These claims have been substantiated by good studies and put them in the lead of the evidence based supplements. The challenges are finding the correct dose and the best way to deliver it in a convenient cost effective way.
- Decreases inflammation throughout the body at 20mg/lb EPA & 12mg/lb DHA
- Helpful for arthritis, skin conditions, cognitive, heart & kidney disease
- Wide concentration range between products
- Dose is the critical issue to allow effective treatment or prevention
- More evidence based studies than any other supplement and most new ingredient being added to pet foods
[Also referred to as Omega 3’s, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA’s) and Free Fatty Acids (FFA’s)]
Concentration varies widely among products but typical fish oil capsules contain 1000mg of oil of which 180 mg is EPA and 120 mg is DHA. (So a 60lb dog requires 7 capsules per day) Read labels closely for mg of EPA per capsule, serving size etc. Almost all label doses require doubling or tripling to reach the 20mg/lb per day. Skin inflammation can require much higher dosing.
Please use our handy Dosage Calculator, below.
Fish Oil can cause diarrhea at higher doses (start at a lower dose and increase slowly and use newer high concentration products to prevent GI upset)
What You Need To Know
Pet Fish Oil Dosage Calculator
Suggested Fish Oil Sources
Typical Human Products:
- Fish oil capsules. Usually 180mg of EPA per capsule (Walgreens, Costco etc).
- High potency human products (Carlson, Nature’s Bounty & others range from 300 to 700mg EPA per capsule).
- Liquid fish oil. Up to 180mg of EPA per ml) Need to make sure it is NOT citrus flavored, for pet taste buds!
- DVM Free Form Snip Tips® 515mg EPA/capsule
- Omega AllerG3 ® 180 mg EPA/ml
- Omega-3 Ascenta TM 148mg EPA/ml
Prescription Dog Foods:
- Purina Prescription JM ® (290mg EPA/cup)
- Hills Prescription J/D ® (394mg EPA/cup)
- Royal Canin Joint Mobility (330mg EPA/cup)
- Royal Canin Prescription Joint Mobility Large Breed (500mg EPA/cup)
- Purina DRM ® Trout & Salmon Allergy Diet (640mg EPA/cup)
Prescription Cat Foods:
- Hills Feline J/D (605.7mg EPA/cup 388 mg DHA/cup)
- Royal Canine Feline Mobility JS (440mg EPA/cup 222 mg/DHA-also contains Perna green lipped mussel)
This information provided based on the scientific papers listed below as well as seminars, and evidence based sources. More information on the human nutraceutical site consumerlab.com.
Evaluation of a Therapeutic Diet for Feline Degenerative Joint Disease
– Duncan Lascelles J Vet Intern Med 2010, 1-9
Evaluation of the effects of dietary supplementation with fish oil omega-3 fatty acids on weight bearing in dogs with osteoarthritis
– James K Rousch DVM,MS,DACVS; Alan R. Cross DVM ,MS,DACVS et al JAVMA Vol236, No.1, January 1, 2010
Freeman, Lisa OSU Waltham 2002 Nutritional Conference
– Mueller RS, et al. J Sm An Proc 2004, 45:293-297.
Simopoulos AP. J Amer Coll Nutr 2002, 21:495-505
Bauer JE. I Am Vet Med Assoc 2006, 229:680-684.
Caterson B, et al. Hills European Symposium Genoa, Italy, Apr 2005:14-18.
Brown SA, et al. J Nutr 1998, 128:2765S-2767S. Smith CE, et al. J Vet Inter Med 2007, 21:265-273.